Keɓewar Tsofaffin Jama'a

tsofaffi Killacewa daga jama'a

Tuntuɓar fuska-da-fuska da aka nuna tana da mahimmanci a taron ATSA 2018

Makullin Maɓalli

  • Tuntuɓar FACE-TO-FACE kawai, sau 3 a mako, musamman tare da dangi & abokai, tana raguwa tsofaffi zamantakewa kadaici da halves depression risk (1)
  • Manya manya da suke amfani bidiyo na hira kamar Skype, amma ba sauran fasahohin sadarwar gama gari ba, suma suna da kasadar damuwa (1b(An ƙara kawai 2019!)
  • Kullum fuska-da-fuska kiran bidiyo inganta aikin fahimi tsofaffi, an ba da shawara kamar dementia rigakafi / magani (1c(Sabo!)
  • 82% na tsofaffi suna shirye don gwada sadarwar bidiyo, wanda zai iya taimakawa wajen hana damuwa (2)
  • Kimanin kashi 20% na tsofaffi ne zama saniyar ware, kuma yawancin (52%) na waɗanda ke cikin Kulawa na Tsofaffi suna da aƙalla alama ɗaya na baƙin ciki (3)
  • Killacewa daga jama'a da kuma Loneliness suna da alaƙa da hawan jini, rashin barci, rashin hankali, damuwa da yawan mace-mace (4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
  • A matsayin kasadar lafiya, zamantakewar zamantakewa ya fi shan taba (9)
  • Wayar bidiyo da aka sadaukar tana magance ƙalubalen ƙa'idodin ƙa'idar, na'urar da ɗaukakawa na kiran bidiyo don zama saniyar ware
  • Ƙarfin Wi-Fi, saurin haɓakawa da zaɓin Intanet suna da mahimmanci ga kiran bidiyo mai inganci
  • Kwararrun Ma'aikata suna ba da shawarar kiran bidiyo ga abokan cinikin su tare da kowane buƙatun maɓalli 3
  • Mabuɗin buƙatu: keɓewar zamantakewa; wadanda masu kula da su ke son shiga cikin gani; waɗanda ke fama da wayoyi ko kwamfutar hannu amma suna son ƙarin 'yancin kai
  • Wayar bidiyo mai sadaukarwa irin ta Konnekt yana ƙara 'yancin kai da hulɗa tare da ƙaunatattuna, kuma yana cika hanyoyin aminci

Takarda Taro na ATSA 2018

Tuntuɓar fuska-da-Face ga Tsofaffi ko naƙasassu: Ƙwarewar Fasaha da Bayanan Nazarin Harka
- John Nakulski, Co-kafa, Konnekt

Ware Jama'a, Rashin Lafiya da Bacin rai - Abin da za a Yi

Nassoshi da Haɗin kai zuwa Bincike

Jarida tare da Labarai game da Warewa Jama'a

Keɓewar Tsofaffi na Zamantakewa da kaɗaici - Sakamakon Bincike da Nazari

  1. Rashin Tuntuɓar fuska-da-Face yana ninka haɗarin Bacin rai
    Nazarin tsofaffin tsofaffi 11,000 yana kammala tuntuɓar fuska da fuska, sau 3 a kowane mako, musamman tare da dangi / abokai, yana rage warewar zamantakewa, yana rage haɗarin baƙin ciki. Abubuwan da aka samu suna dawwama bayan shekaru. Koyaya, tattaunawar waya, rubutacciyar sadarwa, da tuntuɓar wasu (waɗanda ba dangi / abokai ba) basu da wani tasiri mai aunawa. 
    Dr. Alan Teo Farfesa Oregon Health and Science University, Fuskantar fuska da fuska ya fi ƙarfi fiye da kiran waya, imel don karewa daga bakin ciki a cikin manya, Takarda Bincike na OHSU 2015-10; Hakanan an buga shi azaman AR Teo et al, Shin Yanayin Tuntuɓar Mutane Daban-daban na Dangantakar Jama'a Yana Hasashen Bacin rai a cikin Manya?, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 63, ba. 10, shafi 2014-2022, 2015.
    - - -
    1b. Tattaunawar Bidiyo kamar Skype tana rage Haɗarin Bacin rai (An ƙara 2019!)
    Sama da tsofaffi 1,400 ne suka halarci. Wadanda ke amfani da kiran ido-da-ido suna da kusan rabin yiwuwar bayyanar cututtuka. Wadanda suka yi amfani da sadarwar da ba na bidiyo kawai ba sun nuna raguwa a cikin alamun damuwa. Marubuta sun kammala cewa tsofaffi waɗanda ke amfani da hira ta bidiyo kamar Skype suna da ƙarancin haɗarin haɓaka baƙin ciki.
    AR Ta, S. Markwardt, L. Hinton, Yin amfani da Skype don Kayar Buluu: Bayanan Dogaye daga Samfurin Wakilin Ƙasa, Jarida ta Amirka na Geriatric Psychology, vol. 27, ba. 3, shafi na 254-262, 2019.
    - - -
    1c. Tattaunawar Bidiyo ta Kullum tana inganta Ƙarfin Kwakwalwa (Sabo!)
    Kiran fuska-da-fuska na abokantaka sun inganta aikin fahimi a cikin waɗanda ke da kuma ba tare da lalata ba, an ba da shawarar azaman rigakafin lalata da sa baki/magani.
    H. Dodge, J. Zhu, N. Mattek, M. Bowman, O. Ybarra, K. Wild, D. Loewenstein, J. Kaye, Tattaunawar da aka kunna yanar gizo azaman hanya don inganta ayyukan fahimi: Sakamako na sati 6 bazuwar gwaji, Alzheimer's & Dementia: Binciken Fassara & Matsalolin Clinical, vol. 1, ba. 1, shafi 1-12, 2015.
    - - -
  2. Tsofaffi suna son kiran Bidiyo
    82% na tsofaffi da aka bincika suna shirye don gwada sadarwar bidiyo.
    D. Meyer, T. Marx da V. Ball-Seiter, Keɓewar zamantakewa da sadarwa a cikin gidan jinya: Nazarin matukin jirgi, Gerontechnology, vol. 10, ba. 1, shafi na 51-58, 2011. 
  3. Yawancin tsofaffi suna Bakin ciki
    Fiye da rabin (52%) na mutanen da ke cikin kula da tsofaffi suna da alamun damuwa.
    Marubuta, Bacin rai a cikin kulawar tsofaffi 2008-2012, Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a da walwala ta Australiya, jerin ƙididdiga masu kula da tsofaffi, a'a. 39, katsi. a'a. SHEKARA 73, Canberra: AIHW, 2013. 
  4. Kadaicin da ke da alaƙa da Ciwon Zuciya
    Hawan jini na Systolic ya kasance 14.4 mm mafi muni bayan shekaru 4 tsakanin mafi ƙanƙanta da kaɗaici.
    LC Hawkley da JT Cacioppo. Kadaici Mahimmanci: Nazari na Ƙa'idar da Ƙwarewar Sakamako da Dabaru, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 40, ba. 2 ga Nuwamba, 2010. 
  5. Kewanci yana da alaƙa da Talauci
    Kadaici yana tsinkayar ɓarkewar barci zuwa cikin tabbataccen kashi 99%. Nazarin ya yi amfani da polysomnography.
    LM Kurina, KL Knutson, LC Hawkley, JT Cacioppo, DS Lauderdale and C. Ober, Kewanci yana Haɗe da Ragewar Barci a cikin Ƙungiyar Jama'a, BARCI, vol. 34, ba. 11, shafi 1519-1526, 2011.
  6. Kadaicin da ke da alaƙa da Dementia
    Nazarin tsofaffi 2,173 marasa rayayyun jama'a. Bayan shekaru 3 kacal, waɗanda suka bayyana ra'ayoyinsu na kaɗaici sun sami ƙarin cutar hauka. Ƙarshe: kaɗaici shine babban abin haɗari wanda ya cancanci kulawar asibiti.
    TJ Holwerda, DJ Deeg, AT Beekman, TG van Tilburg, ML Stek, C. Jonker da RA Schoevers, Jin kadaici, amma ba warewar jama'a ba, annabta farawar cutar hauka: sakamako daga Nazarin Dattawa na Amsterdam (AMSTEL), J Neurol Neurosurg Ilimin halin dan Adam, vol. 85, ba. 2, shafi 135-142, Fabrairu 2014.
  7. Rashin hulɗar zamantakewa da ke da alaƙa da Bacin rai
    Meta-binciken ƙididdiga ya haɗa karatun da yawa. Sakamako: Harkokin zamantakewa / abota yana rage alamun damuwa a cikin gajeren lokaci (kasa da watanni 12) da kuma dogon lokaci (sama da shekara 1).
    N. Mead, H. Lester, C. Chew-Graham, L. Gask da P. Bower, Tasirin abota akan alamun rashin tausayi da damuwa: nazari na yau da kullun da meta-bincike, Br J Psychiatry, shafi na 96-101, Fabrairu 2010.
  8. Keɓewar zamantakewa yana da alaƙa da Mutuwa
    Kusan Manya 6,500 masu shekaru sama da 52 daga 2004-5 UK longitudinal nazarin tsufa an sake nazarin shekaru 8 bayan haka, a cikin Maris 2012. Wadanda ke da babbar hanyar sadarwar zamantakewa da kuma mafi girma lamba suna da kusan rabin adadin mace-mace (12.3% vs 21.9%).
    A. Steptoe, A. Shankar, P. Demakakos, J. Wardle, Keɓewar jama'a, kaɗaici, da mace-mace duka a cikin maza da mata, Proc Natl Acad Sci Amurka, vol. 110, ba. 15, shafi 5797-5801, 2013.
  9. Ware jama'a ya fi shan taba, Kiba…
    Meta-nazarin karatu na 148, mutane 308,849. Rashin haɗin kai na zamantakewa yana daidai, a matsayin haɗari, ga lafiyar lafiyar shan taba 15 a rana. Sama da shekaru 7.5, mutanen da ke da isassun alaƙar zamantakewa suna da 50% mafi girman yuwuwar rayuwa; kwatankwacin barin shan taba ko sha, kuma ya fi haɗarin lafiya na kiba ko rashin motsa jiki. Bayanin marubuci: Shekaru da yawa da suka gabata, ƙwararrun likitocin sun gano cewa jarirai za su mutu ba tare da hulɗar zamantakewa ba.
    J. Holt-Lunstad, T. Smith da J. Bradley Layton, Dangantakar Jama'a da Hadarin Mutuwa: Binciken Meta-Analytic, Public Library of Science (PLoS) Medicine, Yuli 27, 2010.
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